Stack Pattern black

Much formal exploration over the last 20 years has focused on atectonic expression through digital surfaces and composite materials, but architecture has seen a recent flurry of tectonic – or perhaps anti-tectonic – invention in the form of piles, heaps and stacks. Rather than celebrate the detail, these structures randomize or make light of their details. Rather than the poetic expression of structure, piles and stacks produce the tectonic version of the floating signifier, expressing ambiguity and openness at the level of structure instead of symbolic meaning. These are forms of architectural abstraction that open up a range of associations rather than point toward an essence of architecture.

5 FreelandBuck Stacking

Stacked Installation

3 Patterns

Surface Poche Studies

Our early studies of surface-based poche explore the subtly evocative potential of figural structure. Three patterns of structural members are designed to evoke structural, natural and monumental configurations (the latter inspired by Louis Sullivan’s midwest bank buildings), and extruded to give a perspectival orientation to an interior void. The resulting semi-solid mass infused the enclosed space with both character and spatial orientation.


‘Structure’ Mesh, Torqued Extrusion


Surface Poche Studies: Unfolded Elevations



The ‘Assembly Pavilion,’ developed with students at the Yale School of Architecture, used a similar strategy starting with a 2d pattern that was extruded through the space of the pavilion.

7 FreelandBuck Stacking

Yale Assembly Pavilion Unfolded Interior Elevation

8 FreelandBuck Stacking

Yale Assembly Pavilion

pattern studies spread

Yale Assembly Pavilion: Structural Pattern Variations

Drafted Critical Connection_spread_invert_REVISED LINEWEIGHTS

Yale Assembly Pavilion: Details

Assembly Diagram

The pavilion was assembled as 23 large corrugated ‘bricks.’


11 FreelandBuck Stacking12 FreelandBuck Stacking